Hepatitis C: Diagnosis and monitoring

Testing for hepatitis C

As a general rule, screening for hepatitis C is recommended for the following people1:

  • People who have received blood, blood products or organs before appropriate screening for hepatitis C was introduced (in general before 1991).
  • Current or former drug users (intravenous/nasal).
  • People undergoing long-term dialysis.
  • Medical staff (healthcare workers).
  • Children of mothers with hepatitis C.
  • People living with HIV.
  • People with increased liver enzyme values or other liver diseases.

This information was originally adapted from Hepatitis C: Understanding a silent killer, published by the European Liver Patients Association. It was updated in 2016.


  1. World Health Organization Hepatitis C. Factsheet 164, available online at: www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs164/en/, July 2012