A vaccine against hepatitis B is available.
on hepatitis B vaccination vary between countries, according to the local
epidemiology and available resources. In many countries infants, small children
and adolescents are routinely vaccinated against hepatitis B. As a result the
prevalence of hepatitis B has fallen greatly since the introduction of routine
Other populations that may be recommended to have hepatitis
B vaccination include people with a high risk of exposure through their work
(medical and dental professions, the police force, first-aid workers), dialysis
patients, all people with other chronic liver diseases (e.g. chronic
hepatitis C), people living in close contact with people with chronic hepatitis
B, and babies born to infected mothers. Hepatitis B vaccination is recommended
for the sexual partners of people diagnosed with hepatitis B, for all gay and
bisexual men, and for anyone diagnosed with HIV.
Three injections of the
vaccine are required to ensure adequate protection, after which 90% of those
vaccinated are protected from infection.